This Day in History

Archived Facts

1992

Serbia and Montenegro, the remaining republics of Yugoslavia, establish a federation.

1986

An explosion at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine results in the world’s worst nuclear catastrophe.

1945

Fifty nations begin a two-month conference in San Francisco that results in the creation of the United Nations Charter.

1993

The separatist Irish Republican Army detonates a bomb in London’s financial district, killing one and injuring forty-four.

1967

Svetlana Alliluyeva, the daughter of Joseph Stalin, arrives in New York as a Soviet defector.

1978

A Soviet jet fighter forces Korean Air Lines Flight 902 to land after it strayed into Soviet airspace over Murmansk.

1975

India launches its first satellite, the Aryabhata, from a site in the Soviet Union.

1978

The U.S. Senate ratifies the Panama Canal Treaty, turning over control of the canal to Panama beginning January 1, 2000.

2007

Some two hundred thousand people gather in Ankara to protest the presidential candidacy of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

2011

Ousted Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and his two sons are arrested on charges of corruption and the murder of protesters.

1961

Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to orbit the Earth.

2015

President Obama and Raul Castro meet during the Summit of the Americas in Panama, a first between U.S. and Cuban heads of state since 1959.

1971

The U.S. table tennis team becomes the first U.S. delegation to visit China since 1949, triggering the term “ping-pong diplomacy.”

1948

The World Health Organization is founded.

1917

The United States declares war against Germany and enters World War I.

2016

Icelandic Prime Minister Sigmundur Gunnlaugsson resigns after the Panama Papers reveal undeclared conflicts of interest.

1948

President Truman signs the Marshall Plan, initiating more than $12 billion in aid to rebuild Western Europe.